Forensic botany demands tools to verify the value of plant-origin evidence brought into the process of criminal investigation. Molecular biology provides techniques for comparing material from the crime scene with other biological material of evidence. In this paper, we propose a set of seven markers based on Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) loci for DNA profiling of Quercus spp. STR markers of the highest observed heterozygosity were selected, according to available literature. Oaks were chosen due to their wide dissemination in the northern hemisphere. They served as an object of study to develop a method for obtaining comparable genetic profiles of plant evidence material.