Publication Title: 
Jha et al. (2019)
Title: 
Salinity stress response and 'omics' approaches for improving salinity stress tolerance in major grain legumes.
Authors: 
Jha Uday Chand, Bohra Abhishek, Jha Rintu, Parida Swarup Kumar
Publication Year: 
2019
Series Name: 
Plant cell reports
Abstract: 
Sustaining yield gains of grain legume crops under growing salt-stressed conditions demands a thorough understanding of plant salinity response and more efficient breeding techniques that effectively integrate modern omics knowledge. Grain legume crops are important to global food security being an affordable source of dietary protein and essential mineral nutrients to human population, especially in the developing countries. The global productivity of grain legume crops is severely challenged by the salinity stress particularly in the face of changing climates coupled with injudicious use of irrigation water and improper agricultural land management. Plants adapt to sustain under salinity-challenged conditions through evoking complex molecular mechanisms. Elucidating the underlying complex mechanisms remains pivotal to our knowledge about plant salinity response. Improving salinity tolerance of plants demand enriching cultivated gene pool of grain legume crops through capitalizing on 'adaptive traits' that contribute to salinity stress tolerance. Here, we review the current progress in understanding the genetic makeup of salinity tolerance and highlight the role of germplasm resources and omics advances in improving salt tolerance of grain legumes. In parallel, scope of next generation phenotyping platforms that efficiently bridge the phenotyping-genotyping gap and latest research advances including epigenetics is also discussed in context to salt stress tolerance. Breeding salt-tolerant cultivars of grain legumes will require an integrated "omics-assisted" approach enabling accelerated improvement of salt-tolerance traits in crop breeding programs.
Keywords: 
  • Fabaceae genetics
  • Genetic Variation genetics
  • Genomics methods
  • Quantitative Trait Loci genetics
  • Salinity
  • Salt Tolerance genetics
  • Salt Tolerance physiology
Volume: 
38
Issue: 
3
Page Numbers: 
255-277
PubMed: