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Medina-Macedo et al. (2016)
Using genetic diversity and mating system parameters estimated from genetic markers to determine strategies for the conservation of Araucaria angustifolia (Bert.) O. Kuntze (Araucariaceae)
Medina-Macedo Luciano
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Conservation Genetics
In order to understand the impacts of forest fragmentation on Araucaria angustifolia populations, we evaluated the genetic diversity and mating system using SSR markers and open-pollinated seeds from four populations of varying sizes and spatial isolation, in and around one of the best-conserved Araucaria Forest remnants in Southern Brazil. The four population types of A. angustifolia include: (1) a continuous forest; (2) a physically isolated cluster located 2 km from the continuous forest; (3) an open population in a field located between the cluster and continuous forest; and (4) a fragment on a private property located 5 km from the cluster. Approximately 28 seeds were collected from ten reproductive trees in each population. We found higher amounts of alleles (113) and exclusive alleles (25) in the continuous forest than in the other populations. The multilocus paternity correlation was significantly higher and effective number of pollen donors was significantly lower in the private population, decreasing the diversity and consequently the variance effective size of families sampled from that population. However, despite its isolation from the other studied fragments, the private population had the second highest number of alleles as well as unique alleles from the other populations. Therefore, strategies for A. angustifolia conservation should focus not only on larger populations, such as those found in protected areas, but also include smaller and isolated fragments on private properties as these populations are able to maintain high levels of genetic diversity and functional connectivity between isolated stands across a landscape
Araucaria angustifolia, mating system, landscape diversity
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