Chemical Ontology (CHEBI)

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Term IdentifierStructure/Dev TermTotal in TreeGenesDefinition
CHEBI:170842-hydroxyglutaric461A 2-hydroxydicarboxylic acid that is glutaric acid in which one hydrogen alpha- to a carboxylic acid group is substituted by a hydroxy group.
CHEBI:360623,4-dihydroxybenzoic461A dihydroxybenzoic acid in which the hydroxy groups are located at positions 3 and 4.
CHEBI:178794-hydroxybenzoate461The conjugate base of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, comprising a 4-hydroxybenzoic acid core with a proton missing to give a charge of -1.
CHEBI:22211aconitic461A tricarboxylic acid that is prop-1-ene substituted by carboxy groups at positions 1, 2 and 3.
CHEBI:16335adenosine461A ribonucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribofuranose moiety via a beta-N(9)-glycosidic bond.
CHEBI:30832adipic461An alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid that is the 1,4-dicarboxy derivative of butane.
CHEBI:16449alanine461An alpha-amino acid that consists of propionic acid bearing an amino substituent at position 2.
CHEBI:22599arabinose461
CHEBI:28822arachidic461A C20 striaght-chain saturated fatty acid which forms a minor constituent of peanut (L. arachis) and corn oils. Used as an organic thin film in the production of liquid crystals for a wide variety of technical applications.
CHEBI:22653asparagine461An alpha-amino acid in which one of the hydrogens attached to the alpha-carbon of glycine is substituted by a 2-amino-2-oxoethyl group.
CHEBI:22660aspartic461An alpha-amino acid that consists of succinic acid bearing a single alpha-amino substituent
CHEBI:30746benzoic461A compound comprising a benzene ring core carrying a carboxylic acid substituent.
CHEBI:18138biuret461A member of the class of condensed ureas that is the compound formed by the condensation of two molecules of urea; the parent compound of the biuret group of compounds. Used as a non-protein nitrogen source in ruminant feed.
CHEBI:23053catechin461Members of the class of hydroxyflavan that have a flavan-3-ol skeleton and its substituted derivatives.
CHEBI:16112chlorogenic461A cinnamate ester obtained by formal condensation of the carboxy group of trans-caffeic acid with the 3-hydroxy group of quinic acid. It is an intermediate metabolite in the biosynthesis of lignin.
CHEBI:16113cholesterol461A cholestanoid consisting of cholestane having a double bond at the 5,6-position as well as a 3beta-hydroxy group.
CHEBI:30769citric461A tricarboxylic acid that is propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid bearing a hydroxy substituent at position 2. It is an important metabolite in the pathway of all aerobic organisms.
CHEBI:18211citrulline461The parent compound of the citrulline class consisting of ornithine having a carbamoyl group at the N(5)-position.
CHEBI:16737creatinine461A lactam obtained by formal cyclocondensation of creatine. It is a metabolite of creatine.
CHEBI:81383Dihydroabietic461
CHEBI:16016dihydroxyacetone461A ketotriose consisting of acetone bearing hydroxy substituents at positions 1 and 3. The simplest member of the class of ketoses and the parent of the class of glycerones.
CHEBI:28817dodecane461A straight-chain alkane with 12 carbon atoms. It has been form the essential oils of various plants including Zingiber officinale (ginger).
CHEBI:16000ethanolamine461A member of the class of ethanolamines that is ethane with an amino substituent at C-1 and a hydroxy substituent at C-2, making it both a primary amine and a primary alcohol.
CHEBI:16238FAD461A flavin adenine dinucleotide in which the substituent at position 10 of the flavin nucleus is a 5'-adenosyldiphosphoribityl group.
CHEBI:17620ferulic461A ferulic acid consisting of trans-cinnamic acid bearing methoxy and hydroxy substituents at positions 3 and 4 respectively on the phenyl ring.
CHEBI:28757fructose461A ketohexose that is an isomer of glucose.
CHEBI:18012fumaric461A butenedioic acid in which the C=C double bond has E geometry. It is an intermediate metabolite in the citric acid cycle.
CHEBI:24149galactonic461A hexonic acid that has been found to increase in red blood cells of galactosemic patients.
CHEBI:24266gluconic461
CHEBI:17234glucose461An aldohexose used as a source of energy and metabolic intermediate.
CHEBI:24298glucuronic461
CHEBI:18237glutamic461An alpha-amino acid that is glutaric acid bearing a single amino substituent at position 2.
CHEBI:28300glutamine461An alpha-amino acid that consists of butyric acid bearing an amino substituent at position 2 and a carbamoyl substituent at position 4.
CHEBI:33508glyceric461A trionic acid that consists of propionic acid substituted at positions 2 and 3 by hydroxy groups.
CHEBI:17754glycerol461A triol with a structure of propane substituted at positions 1, 2 and 3 by hydroxy groups.
CHEBI:15428glycine461The simplest (and the only achiral) proteinogenic amino acid, with a hydrogen atom as its side chain.
CHEBI:17497glycolic461A 2-hydroxy monocarboxylic acid that is acetic acid where the methyl group has been hydroxylated.
CHEBI:27570histidine461An alpha-amino acid that is propanoic acid bearing an amino substituent at position 2 and a 1H-imidazol-4-yl group at position 3.
CHEBI:15429hydroxylamine461The simplest hydroxylamine, consisting of ammonia bearing a hydroxy substituent. It is an intermediate in the biological nitrification by microbes like bacteria.
CHEBI:16751inulobiose461A glycosyl glycoside comprising D-fructose attached to a D-fructofuranosyl residue via a beta-(2->1)-linkage.
CHEBI:24898isoleucine461A 2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid having either (2R,3R)- or (2S,3S)-configuration.
CHEBI:6032isonicotinic461A pyridinemonocarboxylic acid in which the carboxy group is at position 4 of the pyridine ring.
CHEBI:25017leucine461A branched-chain amino acid that consists of glycine in which one of the hydrogens attached to the alpha-carbon is substituted by an isobutyl group.
CHEBI:16199urea461A carbonyl group with two C-bound amine groups.
CHEBI:17351linoleic461An octadecadienoic acid in which the two double bonds are at positions 9 and 12 and have Z (cis) stereochemistry.
CHEBI:25048linolenic461A two-membered subclass of octadecatrienoic acid comprising the (9Z,12Z,15Z)- and (6Z,9Z,12Z)-isomers. Linolenic acids are nutrients essential to the formation of prostaglandins and are also used in making paints and synthetic resins.
CHEBI:25094lysine461A diamino acid that is caproic (hexanoic) acid bearing two amino substituents at positions 2 and 6.
CHEBI:25097lyxose461An aldopentose that occurs only rarely in nature.
CHEBI:18300maleic461A butenedioic acid in which the double bond has cis- (Z)-configuration.
CHEBI:6650malic461A 2-hydroxydicarboxylic acid that is succinic acid in which one of the hydrogens attached to a carbon is replaced by a hydroxy group.
CHEBI:17306maltose461A glycosylglucose consisting of two D-glucopyranose units connected by an alpha-(1->4)-linkage.
CHEBI:61993maltotriose461A maltotriose trisaccharide in which the glucose residue at the reducing end is in the aldehydo open-chain form.
CHEBI:29864mannitol461A hexitol produced by a variety of organisms including bacteria, fungi, lichens and plants.
CHEBI:6731melezitose461A trisaccharide produced by insects such as aphids.
CHEBI:16811methionine461A sulfur-containing amino acid that is butyric acid bearing an amino substituent at position 2 and a methylthio substituent at position 4.
CHEBI:63153N-acetyl-D-mannosamine461An N-acetylmannosamine having D-configuration.
CHEBI:16482naphthalene461An aromatic hydrocarbon comprising two fused benzene rings. It occurs in the essential oils of numerous plant species e.g. magnolia.
CHEBI:17154nicotinamide461A pyridinecarboxamide that is pyridine in which the hydrogen at position 3 is replaced by a carboxamide group.
CHEBI:39246nonadecanoic461A C19 straight-chain fatty acid of plant or bacterial origin. An intermediate in the biodegradation of n-icosane, it has been shown to inhibit cancer growth.
CHEBI:16196oleic461An octadec-9-enoic acid in which the double bond at C-9 has Z (cis) stereochemistry.
CHEBI:18257ornithine461An alpha-amino acid that is pentanoic acid bearing two amino substituents at positions 2 and 5.
CHEBI:25801oxoproline461A pyrrolidinemonocarboxylic acid consisting of proline bearing a single oxo substituent.
CHEBI:42504pentadecanoic461A straight-chain, fifteen-carbon carboxylic acid with no heteroatoms; a long-chain of mainly ruminant origin.
CHEBI:28044phenylalanine461An aromatic amino acid that is alanine in which one of the methyl hydrogens is substituted by a phenyl group.
CHEBI:26078phosphoric461A phosphorus oxoacid that consits of one oxo and three hydroxy groups joined covalently to a central phosphorus atom.
CHEBI:17964pipecolic461A piperidinemonocarboxylic acid in which the carboxy group is located at position C-2.
CHEBI:26271proline461An alpha-amino acid that is pyrrolidine bearing a carboxy substituent at position 2.
CHEBI:17148putrescine461A four-carbon alkane-alpha,omega-diamine. It is obtained by the breakdown of amino acids and is responsible for the foul odour of putrefying flesh.
CHEBI:32816pyruvic461A 2-oxo monocarboxylic acid that is the 2-keto derivative of propionic acid. It is a metabolite obtained during glycolysis.
CHEBI:26493quinic461A cyclitol carboxylic acid.
CHEBI:16634raffinose461A trisaccharide composed of alpha-D-galactopyranose, alpha-D-glucopyranose and beta-D-fructofuranose joined in sequence by 1->6 and 1<->2 glycosidic linkages, respectively.
CHEBI:48505ribitol461
CHEBI:33511ribonic461
CHEBI:33942ribose461Any aldopentose where the open-chain form has all the hydroxy groups on the same side in the Fischer projection. Occurrs in two enantiomeric forms, D- and L-ribose, of which only the former is found in nature.
CHEBI:16008salicylaldehyde461A hydroxybenzaldehyde carrying a hydroxy substituent at position 2.
CHEBI:16914salicylic461A monohydroxybenzoic acid that is benzoic acid with a hydroxy group at the ortho position. It is obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves.
CHEBI:17822serine461An alpha-amino acid that is alanine substituted at position 3 by a hydroxy group.
CHEBI:16119shikimic461A cyclohexenecarboxylic acid that is cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxylic acid substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 3, 4 and 5 (the 3R,4S,5R stereoisomer). It is an intermediate metabolite in plants and microorganisms.
CHEBI:28813sinapyl461A primary alcohol, being cinnamyl alcohol hydroxylated at C-4 and methoxylated at C-3 and -5.
CHEBI:15440squalene461A triterpene consisting of 2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyltetracosane having six double bonds at the 2-, 6-, 10-, 14-, 18- and 22-positions with (all-E)-configuration.
CHEBI:15741succinic461An alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acid resulting from the formal oxidation of each of the terminal methyl groups of butane to the corresponding carboxy group. It is an intermediate metabolite in the citric acid cycle.
CHEBI:17992sucrose461Sucrose is a disaccharide formed by glucose and fructose units joined by an acetal oxygen bridge from hemiacetal of glucose to the hemiketal of the fructose.
CHEBI:68329syringic461A dimethoxybenzene that is 3,5-dimethyl ether derivative of gallic acid.
CHEBI:26984threonic461
CHEBI:26986threonine461An alpha-amino acid in which one of the hydrogens attached to the alpha-carbon of glycine is substituted by a 1-hydroxyethyl group.
CHEBI:27082trehalose461A disaccharide formed by a (1<->1)-glycosidic bond between two units of D-glucose.
CHEBI:27897tryptophan461An alpha-amino acid that is alanine bearing an indol-3-yl substituent at position 3.
CHEBI:18186tyrosine461An alpha-amino acid that is phenylalanine bearing a hydroxy substituent at position 4 on the phenyl ring.
CHEBI:16704uridine461A ribonucleoside composed of a molecule of uracil attached to a ribofuranose moiety via a beta-N(1)-glycosidic bond.
CHEBI:27266valine461A branched-chain amino acid that consists of glycine in which one of the hydrogens attached to the alpha-carbon is substituted by an isopropyl group.
CHEBI:30816vanillic461A monohydroxybenzoic acid that is 4-hydroxybenzoic acid substituted by a methoxy group at position 3.
CHEBI:18222xylose461An aldopentose, found in the embryos of most edible plants and used in medicine to test for malabsorption by administration in water to the patient.